01 June 2019 |Jack Hillcox and Alfie Endemano| Sky News
Even before becoming president of the United States, Donald Trump would travel on his own Boeing 757, known as “Trump Force One”.
However, since becoming POTUS, Mr Trump’s transport has been upgraded – putting his previous travel habits to shame.
:: Here’s what the US president will be bringing to the UK for his state visit:
: Air Force One
Technically, Air Force One refers to any Air Force plane a president is on.
However, what we tend to think of as the real Air Force One is the President’s personal Boeing 747-200B jet emblazoned with the American flag and the words “United States of America”.
Despite the name, there are actually two of these jets and they are not the type any of us are likely to go on in our lives.
The aircraft are highly customised, with hardened electronics designed to withstand an electromagnetic pulse, secure communications systems, a personal suite, bathroom and boardroom for the president, a medical suite, a cafeteria that can feed 100 people at a time and an array of defensive countermeasures.
There is also a room for guests and travelling press, who will often question the president during the flight.
:: The Beast
The President’s official limousine, known as “Cadillac One” or “The Beast”, is shipped ahead to wherever they are heading.
As with Air Force One, there are actually two of these limos, with one acting a decoy in the president’s motorcade.
The cars, which are reported to cost more than £1.2m each, have bulletproof windows, armour plated doors and weigh between eight and nine tonnes.
They are reportedly armed with tear gas grenades and shotguns and have puncture-resistant tyres.
It’s not all plain sailing for The Beast though. On an official trip to Ireland with President Obama, the car infamously became stuck on a speed bump.
:: Marine One
This is the call sign for any US Marine Corps helicopter carrying the president.
The Marine Corps operates a fleet of helicopters which are used by the president when a motorcade is not suitable.
Marine One normally flies in a fleet of at least three identical helicopters, with the others operating as decoys and V22 Ospreys acting as an escort.
The helicopter fleet will be upgraded starting next year, with the first of a fleet of 23 helicopters arriving in 2020 at an estimated cost of $1.2bn.
When the president travels by road, they travel in style.
As part of their motorcade they will typically have:
- The Beast.
- A decoy Beast.
- An ambulance.
- A satellite communications vehicle.
- A hazardous materials team.
- An intelligence team.
- A counter assault team.
- A control and support team.
- An electronic defence team.
- Transport for aids and the president’s personal doctor.
- Local police escorts.
- Transport for members of the press.
The size of presidential motorcades varies depending on the location and need.
It was reported that for Donald Trump’s last visit to the UK, he came with an entourage of 1,000 people, including staff, Secret Service agents and Special Forces personnel.